Your eye contains proteins inside the lens and as you age, they can clump together and cloud your vision. This process is known as age-related cataracts. Yet, specific behavioral patterns and conditions may increase your risk of getting cataracts. They include:
High blood sugar
Overexposing your eyes to sunlight
Using steroid medicines
Below are some of the signs and symptoms of cataracts.
Initially, a cataract is small and has minimal effect on your vision. While things may seem blurry at first, the cloudy vision will increase over time. Your world will appear blurry, dim, or cloudy. Different cataract types affect different sections of your lens:
The nuclear cataract affects the center part of the lens.
The posterior subcapsular cataract affects the back surface of the lens.
The cortical cataract affects and extends “spokes” to the side of the lens.
Individuals with nuclear cataracts may experience a sensation known as second sight which happens when their vision improves briefly at times.
One of the most common symptoms of cataracts is sensitivity to light, and they may cause the glare of bright lights to be quite painful. This is especially true for people with posterior subcapsular cataracts. This type of cataract begins at the back surface of your lens and blocks the light’s path; often compromising your reading vision.
As cataracts reach their advanced stages, they start darkening with a brown or yellow shade. This compromises your night vision and makes it difficult to do nighttime activities. For instance, people with cataracts find it hard to drive at night.
The risk of car accidents may decrease by 13% when treating cataracts. If you are doubtful of your cataracts' status, be extra cautious when driving at night. Visit your optometrist for a comprehensive eye exam to assess the severity of your cataracts and get a solution.
If you find yourself needing stronger prescription contacts or glasses too often, you may have cataracts. Buying a new pair of stronger reading glasses from the store will not help.
The progression of cataracts makes the proteins in your eyes clump in your lens. The lens may become yellowish or brownish when this occurs. As a result, the light results in a yellow tint. The effect seems like you are wearing blue-light glasses and changes your color perception. It is possible to correct these issues and restore clarity with cataract treatment.
Cataracts can result in significant vision changes. Age, genetic conditions, injury, or other specific medications may lead to cataracts. If you suspect you have cataract-related issues, ensure you visit your optometrist for a diagnosis and a viable treatment plan.
For more on the signs and symptoms of cataracts, visit Raleigh Eye Center at our offices in Raleigh, Durham, Reidsville, North Carolina, or South Hill, Virginia. You can also call (919) 867-2427 to schedule an appointment today.